The 23rd of March is marked as one of the deadliest dates for Indians. Today, our beloved Independence soldiers were hanged, giving hope to the entire nation that slavery would never return.

Three soldiers who were young by age but whose courage was more than anyone else’s.Today is their day to remind us that we should also have the courage to move forward with our country and not become dependent again on any country.

Let’s remember our brave soldiers’ life journey:

 BHAGAT SINGH

✔Bhagat Singh was born on September 28, 1907, in the village of Banga in modern-day Pakistan.

 ✔He attended the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic High School in Lahore, where he excelled academically and actively participated in extracurricular activities.


✔Bhagat Singh enrolled in the National College in Lahore after finishing his matriculation (10th grade) in 1923. 

✔He was an avid reader who was influenced greatly by the writings of Marxist thinkers and revolutionaries. 

✔During his time at National College, Bhagat Singh became active in the Indian Independence movement, taking part in a number of student protests and rallies.


✔Bhagat Singh quit his education in 1927 to devote himself full-time to the revolutionary cause. 

✔He was instrumental in organising and carrying out several acts of resistance against the British colonial government, such as the bombing of Delhi’s Central Legislative Assembly and the assassination of British police officer John Saunders.

✔Despite his limited formal education, Bhagat Singh was an extremely intelligent and well-read man. 

✔He spoke several languages, including Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu, and English, and was well-versed in Marxist theory and philosophy. 


SHIVARAM RAJGURU


✔Shivaram Rajguru was born on August 24, 1908, in Khed, Maharashtra, near Pune. 

✔He received his primary and secondary education in Khed before attending the New English School in Pune. 

✔However, due to financial constraints, he was forced to drop out of school and began working as a librarian to support his family.

✔Shivaram Rajguru was a highly intelligent and self-educated individual despite his lack of formal education. 

✔He was a great reader who spent a lot of time reading the works of revolutionary thinkers and activists.

✔ He was deeply influenced by Bhagat Singh’s ideas, with whom he later became a close friend and comrade.

✔He became involved in the Indian independence movement in the early 1920s, joining the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), a revolutionary group that advocated for complete independence from British colonial rule through armed struggle. 

✔He was central to the planning and execution of several acts of resistance against the British, including the assassination of British police officer John Saunders.

SUKHDEV THAPAR


✔Sukhdev Thapar was born in Ludhiana, Punjab, on May 15, 1907. 

✔He received his early education at the National College in Lahore and graduated with honors.

✔Despite his active participation in the revolutionary movement, Sukhdev Thapar prioritized his education. 

✔He enrolled in the DAV College in Lahore to study science while also participating in revolutionary activities. 

✔He was well-known for his intelligence and devotion to his studies as well as the independence movement.

✔Sukhdev Thapar joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after finishing his studies at National College. 

✔ He was central to the planning and execution of several acts of resistance against the British, including the assassination of British police officer John Saunders.

✔After the assassination of John Saunders, Sukhdev Thapar was forced to leave his studies because he went underground and continued to be involved in the HSRA’s revolutionary activities.

✔ He was eventually apprehended and sentenced to death, along with Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru.


Now their second journey is starting-way toward the Independence movement.


Hindustan Socialist Republican Association(HSRA)


The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) was a revolutionary group that participated in the 1920s and 1930s Indian independence movements. 

The HSRA was established in 1928 with the intention of achieving total Independence from British colonial rule through armed struggle. 

Its members were:

👉Chandrashekhar Azad

👉Bhagat Singh

👉Shivaram Rajguru

👉Sukhdev Thapar

👉Ram Prasad Bismil

👉Ashfaqulla Khan

👉Bejoy Kumar Sinha

👉Rajendra Lahiri

👉Bhagwati Charan Vohra

👉Durga Devi Vohra

JOHN SAUNDERS KILLING 1928


📌During the Indian independence movement, John Saunders was a British police officer stationed in Lahore, Punjab. 

📌He was notorious for using brutal tactics to suppress the Indian independence movement, and he was responsible for the deaths of several Indian activists.

📌A peaceful protest was organised in 1928 against the Simon Commission, a British commission tasked with reviewing and recommending constitutional reforms in India. 

📌When John Saunders ordered his police officers to brutally beat Indian independence leader Lala Lajpat Rai with lathis, he was leading the protest (sticks). 

📌Lajpat Rai was seriously injured and died as a result of his injuries.

📌Bhagat Singh and his Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) associates, including Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar, were outraged by Lajpat Rai’s death and decided to seek revenge on John Saunders, whom they believed was directly responsible for the incident. 

📌They shot and killed John Saunders in Lahore on December 17, 1928.

The assassination of John Saunders was a major turning point in the Indian independence movement, galvanizing public support for Indian independence. 

CENTRAL LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 1929


📌The Central Legislative Assembly was British India’s legislative body, in charge of enacting laws and regulations for the entire country. 

📌In 1929, the Indian National Congress, the leading political party at the time, decided to boycott the Assembly in protest of the government’s repressive policies and refusal to grant India full Independence.

📌In response to the government’s decision to pass the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Dispute Bill, Bhagat Singh and his associates in the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) decided to carry out a bomb attack on the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi on April 8, 1929. 

📌The attack’s goal was to draw attention to the British colonial government’s repressive policies and to demand total independence for India.

📌Bhagat Singh and his associates successfully carried out a symbolic act of resistance against British rule by bombing the Central Legislative Assembly. 

📌The thrown bombs caused no major casualties, but the incident sparked widespread outrage and brought attention to the ongoing struggle for Indian independence.

Bhagat Singh and his associates were eventually apprehended and sentenced to death for their role in the assassination on March 23, 1931, but their actions inspired a new generation of Indian revolutionaries to continue the fight against British colonialism.

MOVIES BASED ON 3 MARTYRE’S


💫Bhagat Singh’s Legend (2002): This film, directed by Rajkumar Santoshi and starring Ajay Devgan, is a biopic of Bhagat Singh’s life, focusing on his revolutionary activities in addition to his trial and execution.

💫Shaheed (1965), directed by S. Ram Sharma, is a biopic of Bhagat Singh’s life, starring Manoj Kumar in the lead role.

💫Shaheed (2002, March 23rd): This film, directed by Guddu Dhanoa and starring Bobby Deol, is another biopic about Bhagat Singh.

💫Rang De Basanti (2006), directed by Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra, is a tribute to Bhagat Singh and other freedom fighters rather than a biopic. It tells the story of a group of young people who are inspired to fight corruption and injustice by the lives of Bhagat Singh and other revolutionaries.

These films have helped to keep Bhagat Singh’s memory alive and have inspired generations of Indians to fight for their rights and liberties.

Here is the unforgotten song from the SHAHEED BHAGAT SINGH movie which still gives goosebumps to our generation.

source:Bollywood Hits channel

 

VANDE MATARAM





By meetarora

Hello Everyone,myself Meet Arora. I am a Digital Marketer and Blogger. I reside in New Delhi. Currently,I am working in a well known Silent Conference Equipments provider company as Digital Marketing Executive.I am writing quotes and stories when I was in school.Two of my poems published in school magazine. My hobbies are singing,writing,dancing and watching movies specially spy based.I did my schooling from Guru Harkrishan Public School and graduation from University of Delhi.You can connect on Instagram for work related queries.