Today is Dr.Mario Molina’s 80th birth anniversary.



B
IRTH AND FAMILY:

Mario Molina was a Mexican-American chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995 for his work on ozone layer chemistry.

He was born on 19 march 1943 in the home of  Roberto Molina Pasquel and Leonor Henriquez de Molina. His father was a successful lawyer and diplomat, while his mother was a stay-at-home mom.

 Mario grew up in a comfortable and well-educated family as the youngest of four children.

Mario Molina’s siblings are named Enrique Molina, Roberto Molina, and Leonor Molina. Roberto is a physicist and Enrique is a biologist. 

Leonor is a chemical engineer who also works as an environmental consultant. Mario was very close to his siblings, and they both had a strong interest in science and the environment.

EDUCATION:

He attended the National Autonomous University of Mexico before earning a Ph.D. in chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley. 

He later worked at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

MARRIED LIFE:

Mario Molina has been married twice in his life. Guadalupe Alvarez, whom he met while studying in Paris, was his first wife.
 
They had two children together, Felipe, a son, and Tamara, a daughter. 

Lisa Specht, a biologist whom he met while working at the University of California, San Diego, was his second wife. 

They did not have any children together.

ACHIEVEMENTS:





Mario Molina was a highly accomplished scientist who made numerous significant contributions to the field of chemistry. Here are some of his notable accomplishments:

👉Molina and Sherwood Rowland discovered that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) were causing ozone depletion in the Earth’s atmosphere. This discovery resulted in the Montreal Protocol, an international treaty aimed at phasing out the use of these chemicals.

Molina was instrumental in developing computer models of the Earth’s atmosphere, which helped scientists understand how pollutants move through the air and affect the environment.

👉Molina’s work on atmospheric chemistry helped establish it as a distinct field of study and paved the way for future research in this area.

👉Molina was an outspoken supporter of science education and science-based policymaking. During the Clinton and Obama administrations, he served on numerous scientific advisory panels and was a member of the President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology.

👉Awards and recognition: Throughout his career, Molina has received numerous honors and awards, including the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995, the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2013, and the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement in 1983, among others.

DEATH:

Mario Molina died at the age of 77 due to Heart Attack on October 7, 2020. His children, Felipe and Tamara, as well as his wife, Lisa Specht, survive him.

CONTRIBUTION TO CURE OZONE LAYER DEPLETION:


We all know that Ozone Layer Depletion was first searched by Dr.Mario Molina and associate scientists. Now we should also know about Ozone Layer Depletion and why it is important to recorrect the layer.

DEFINITION:




The ozone layer is a layer of ozone gas in the Earth’s stratosphere that acts as a shield against the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. 

When oxygen molecules (O2) are exposed to ultraviolet radiation, they split apart and recombine with other oxygen molecules to form ozone (O3).




The destruction or thinning of the ozone layer caused by the release of certain man-made chemicals into the atmosphere is referred to as ozone layer depletion.


REASONS:

✔The primary cause of ozone layer depletion is the release into the atmosphere of certain man-made chemicals known as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)

CFCs were widely used in air conditioning, refrigeration, and aerosol sprays. 




When CFCs are released into the atmosphere, they rise to the stratosphere, where UV radiation breaks them down, releasing chlorine atoms.

 These chlorine atoms then react with ozone molecules, breaking them down and depleting the ozone layer.

✔Other chemicals that can contribute to ozone depletion include hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl chloroform, though to a lesser extent than CFCs.

Natural processes such as volcanic eruptions, wildfires, and biological activity, in addition to man-made chemicals, can release chemicals that contribute to ozone depletion. 

However, when compared to man-made sources, these natural sources of ozone-depleting substances are minor.

INDIA’S CONTRIBUTION:

✔India, like many other countries, has contributed to the ozone layer’s depletion by using ozone-depleting substances, particularly chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). 

✔India began using CFCs in the 1960s and was a major producer and consumer of these chemicals until the Montreal Protocol was adopted in 1987.

✔India was an early adopter of the Montreal Protocol and has taken several steps to phase out the use of ozone-depleting substances like CFCs.

✔ India established the Ozone Cell in 1992 to implement the Montreal Protocol and coordinate national efforts to phase out ozone-depleting substances.

✔India has also been a pioneer in developing and promoting ozone-friendly alternatives to ozone-depleting substances such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).

✔ India and other countries adopted the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol in 2015, which aims to reduce the use of HFCs and other potent greenhouse gases.

✔While India, like many other countries, has historically contributed to ozone layer depletion, it has taken significant steps to address the issue and promote the use of alternative, environmentally friendly technologies.

CONTRIBUTION OF INDIAN SCIENTISTS:

Scientists from India have made significant contributions to the study of ozone layer depletion and the development of solutions to the problem. Some notable Indian scientists and their contributions are as follows:


👉Rajendra Kumar Pachauri, MD: From 2002 to 2015, Dr. Pachauri was the chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 

The IPCC and former US Vice President Al Gore shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize for their work on climate change. 

Dr. Pachauri was also involved in the development of the Montreal Protocol and worked to promote the use of non-ozone-depleting technologies.

👉Dr. A. P. Mitra was an Indian scientist who contributed significantly to the study of the ozone layer and atmospheric chemistry.

 He was one of the first scientists to recognize the threat of ozone depletion and was instrumental in the development of the Montreal Protocol.

👉Dr. Gufran Beig: Dr. Beig is an Indian atmospheric scientist who has contributed significantly to the study of air pollution and its effects on the environment and human health.

 He has also worked on projects to monitor ozone levels in India and promote the use of non-ozone-depleting technologies.

👉Dr. S. K. Satheesh is an Indian atmospheric scientist who has contributed significantly to the study of the ozone layer and climate change. 

He studied the effects of atmospheric aerosols on the ozone layer and created new methods for measuring ozone levels in the atmosphere.

INITIATIVES TO CURE:




The good news is that the ozone layer can be restored over time and that its depletion can be treated. 

The recovery of the ozone layer depends on reducing the production and use of ozone-depleting substances such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), and halons. 

Here are some actions that can be taken to stop the destruction of the ozone layer:

🌏Reduce or stop using ozone-depleting substances: Reducing or stopping the use of ozone-depleting substances, like CFCs and HCFCs, is the most efficient way to treat ozone layer depletion. 

By putting in place policies and regulations that gradually phase out the production and use of these substances, this can be accomplished.

🌏Encourage the use of alternative technologies: To decrease the demand for ozone-depleting substances, it is important to encourage the use of alternative technologies like hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and other eco-friendly ones.

🌏Raising public awareness about the need to protect the ozone layer and the negative consequences of ozone depletion can encourage personal action and support for laws that address the problem.

To make sure that laws are being followed and to spot any areas where additional action may be required, it is crucial to monitor the production and use of ozone-depleting substances.

🌏International collaboration is necessary to effectively combat ozone depletion because it is a global problem. 

The Montreal Protocol is an international agreement that has been effective in reducing the production and use of ozone-depleting substances. 

🌏To fully reverse ozone layer depletion, cooperation and collaboration will need to continue.



We can combat ozone layer loss and safeguard the Earth’s atmosphere for future generations by taking these actions.






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Hello Everyone,myself Meet Arora. I am a Digital Marketer and Blogger. I reside in New Delhi. Currently,I am working in a well known Silent Conference Equipments provider company as Digital Marketing Executive.I am writing quotes and stories when I was in school.Two of my poems published in school magazine. My hobbies are singing,writing,dancing and watching movies specially spy based.I did my schooling from Guru Harkrishan Public School and graduation from University of Delhi.You can connect on Instagram for work related queries.