TOP 10 SCIENTISTS IN INDIA

  • Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1888-1970): Raman was a physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 for his work on light scattering. He is known for the Raman effect, which is a scattering of light by molecules that causes a change in its wavelength.
  • Homi Jehangir Bhabha (1909-1966): Bhabha was a nuclear physicist considered the father of the Indian nuclear program. He founded the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and played a key role in India’s development of nuclear weapons.
  • Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974): Bose was a mathematician and physicist who significantly contributed to quantum mechanics. He is known for the Bose-Einstein statistics, which describes the behavior of particles at very low temperatures.
  • Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910-1995): Chandrasekhar was an astrophysicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983 for his work on the evolution of stars. He is known for the Chandrasekhar limit, which is the maximum mass of a white dwarf star before it collapses into a neutron star or black hole.
  • Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (1931-2015): Kalam was a scientist and politician who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He is known for his work on missile development and his advocacy of science and technology education.
  • Meghnad Saha (1893-1956): Saha was a physicist and astrophysicist who made significant contributions to the understanding of stellar atmospheres. He is known for the Saha equation, which describes the ionization equilibrium of a gas in a star.
  • Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858-1937): Bose was a plant physiologist and physicist who is known for his work on the electrical properties of plants. He is also known for his invention of the crescograph, which is a device used to measure the growth of plants.
  • Vikram Sarabhai (1919-1971): Sarabhai was a space scientist who is considered the father of the Indian space program. He founded the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and played a key role in India’s development of space launch vehicles and satellites.
  • Salim Ali (1896-1987): Ali was an ornithologist who is known for his work on the birds of India. He is the author of several books on Indian birds, including “The Book of Indian Birds” and “The Birds of Kerala”.

Their work has made significant contributions to our understanding of the world and has helped to shape the modern world.

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